Certified Phlebotomy Technician Exam (CPT)
To be eligible for this examination, an applicant must satisfy the requirements of at least one of the following routes:
All applicants must have a High School Diploma or GED
Route 1: You have successfully completed an approved training program; or
Route 2: You have at least one year of recent work experience as a phlebotomist; or
Route 3: You have received certification as a Phlebotomy Technician from an approved national certifying agency
A Phlebotomy Technician (Phlebotomist) is an integral member of the medical laboratory team whose primary function is the collection of blood samples from patients by venipuncture or microtechniques. The Phlebotomy Technician facilitates the collection and transportation of laboratory specimens, and is often the patient’s only contact with the medical laboratory. The need to assure quality and patient safety mandates strict professional behavior and standards of practice for Phlebotomists.
Nature of the Work
The primary function of a Phlebotomy Technician is to obtain patient blood specimens by venipuncture or microtechniques. The Phlebotomy Technician aids in the collection and transportation of other laboratory specimens, and may be involved with patient data entry. A Phlebotomy Technician also draws blood for transfusions, donations and research.
Phlebotomy Technicians must like challenge and responsibility. They must be accurate, work well under pressure and communicate effectively. They must be able to deal with patients and be able to calm patients. Safety is key and all safety precautions must be taken to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases.
Duties differ by doctor office, hospital and laboratory but may include:
Drawing blood from patients or donors in hospitals, blood banks, clinics, doctor offices, laboratories or similar facility for medical purposes
Assembles equipment (such as needles, blood collection devices, gauze, tourniquet, cotton, and alcohol)
Verifies or records identity of patient or donor
Converses with patients to allay fear of procedure
Applies tourniquet to arm, locates vein, swabs area with disinfectant, and inserts needle into vein to draw blood into collection tube. (May also prick finger instead of inserting needle.)
Labels and stores blood container for processing
May conduct interview, take vital signs and test blood samples to screen donors at a blood bank
Be able to analyze information and make appropriate recommendations
Certification/Licensing: Each individual state decides licensing requirements, but most states do not at this time. California requires all Phlebotomy Technicians to be certified and to have a state license. Employers prefer to hire experienced workers and may prefer certified applicants who have passed a national examination, indicating that the Phlebotomy Technician meets certain standards of competence.